Airborne and Direct Contact Diseases


Airborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microbes which are small enough and released from an infected person through sneezing, coughing, laughing and close personal contact or microbe aerosolization. The microbes that have been discharged remain suspended on particles of dust, respiratory and water droplets in the air. Illness is caused when the microbe is inhaled or contacts mucus membranes or when secretions remaining on a surface are touched.Contact Diseases are transmitted when an infected person has direct physical contact with an uninfected person and the microbe is transmitted from one person to another. Contact diseases may also spread through indirect contact with the environment or personal items of an infected person. The presence of wound drainage or other body discharges indicates an increased potential for transmission risk and contamination of the environment. Precautions to create a barrier and procedures that reduce or eliminate the microbe in the atmosphere or on personal belongings are the basis for interrupting direct contact disease transmission. Some of the Airborne and Direct contact diseases include:




  • Anthrax


  • Coronavirus


  • Group A streptococcus


  • Influenza


  • Measles 


  • Mumps


  • Pertussis


  • Plague


  • Strep pneumoniae


  • Tuberculosis


  • Varicella


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